ミシュネー・トーラーמִשְׁנֵה תּוֹרָה Mishneh Torah)、あるいはヤード・ハ=ハザーカーיָד הַחֲזָקָה Yad ha-Chazaka 「強き手」といった意味)とは、マイモニデスの著したハラーハーであり、「第二のトーラー」の意味。 1170年から1180年の間、エジプトに居た頃に書かれた。




  • Mishneh Torah ("Repetition of the Torah") is an appellation originally used for the Biblical book of Deuteronomy.
  • Yad ha-Chazakah ("The Strong Hand"), its parallel title, derives from its subdivision in fourteen books. When transcribed into Hebrew letters, the number fourteen forms the word yad (hand).
  • Later sources simply refer to the work as "Maim", "Maimonides" or "RaMBaM", although Maimonides composed other works.


  1. マッダー Madda' (知識、学究といった意味):
    1. Yesodei ha-Torah: 神についてと、その他のユダヤ教の信仰箇条 Jewish principles of faith (「信仰を受け入れる」というキリスト教の概念とは違うが、キリスト教的試みがされなかったわけではない。代表的なものがマイモニデスによる13の信仰箇条である)
    2. De'ot: general proper behavior
    3. Talmud Torah: トーラーの学び Torah study について
    4. Avodah Zarah: the prohibition against en:idolatry
    5. Teshuvah: the law and philosophy of en:repentance
  2. Ahavah (Love): the precepts which must be observed at all times if the love due to God is to be remembered continually (礼拝テフィッリーンについて).
  3. Zemanim (Times):
    1. シャッバート Sabbath
    2. エールービーン Eiruv, a Rabbinic device that facilitates Sabbath observance
    3. ヨーム・トーブ Yom Tov: prohibitions on major en:Jewish holidays that are different from the prohibitions of Sabbath
    4. Shevitat `Asor: ヨーム・キップールのハラーハー, except for the Temple service (see Avodat Yom ha-Kippurim, below)
    5. ハーメーツ・ウー=マッツァー Hametz u-Matza: ペサハについて
    6. Shofar ve-Lulav ve-Sukkah: ローシュ・ハッシャーナースッコートについて
    7. Chanukah u-Megillah: ハヌッカープーリームについて
  4. Nashim (Women):
    1. Ishut: キッドゥーシーンケトゥッバーを含む結婚のハラーハー
    2. Geirushin: see en:divorce
    3. Yibum va-Chalitzah: レビレート婚 en:levirate marriage
    4. Na'arah Betulah: the law of a man who seduces or rapes an unmarried woman
    5. ソーター Sotah
  5. Kedushah (Holiness)
    1. Issurei Biah: forbidden sexual relations, including niddah, en:incest, en:adultery. Since en:intermarriage with non-Jews is forbidden, the laws of conversion to Judaism are also included.
    2. Ma'akhalot Assurot: forbidden foods (カシュルートを参照)
    3. シェヒーター Shechitah: ritual slaughter
  6. Hafla'ah (Separation): laws of vows and oaths
  7. Zera'im (Seeds): agricultural laws
  8. Avodah (Divine Service): the laws of the en:Temple in Jerusalem
  9. Korbanot (Offerings): laws for offerings in the Temple, excepting those of the whole community
  10. Tohorah (Cleanness): the rules of en:ritual purity
  11. Nezikin (Injuries): criminal and tort law
  12. Kinyan (Acquisition): laws of the marketplace
  13. Mishpatim (Rights): civil law
  14. Shofetim (Judges): the laws relating legislators, the en:Sanhedrin, the king, and the judges.


  • The Yale Judaica series edition of the Mishneh Torah is almost complete.
    • Introduction , Isadore Twersky (1982) ISBN 0300028466
    • Book 2, The Book Of Love , Menachem Kellner (2004) ISBN 0300103484
    • Book 3, The Book Of Seasons , Solomon Gandz and Hyman Klein (1961) ISBN 0300003226
    • Book 4, The Book Of Women , Isaac Klein (1972) ISBN 0300010699
    • Book 5, The Book Of Holiness , Leon Nemoy, Louis I. Rabinowitz, and Philip Grossman (1965) ISBN 0300008465
    • Book 6, The Book Of Asservations , B. D. Klein (1962) ISBN 0300006330
    • Book 7, The Book Of Agriculture , Isaac Klein (1979) ISBN 0300022239
    • Book 8, The Book Of Temple Service , Mendell Lewittes (1957) ISBN 0300004974
    • Book 9, The Book Of Offerings , Herbert Dan, (1950) ISBN 0300003986
    • Book 10, The Book Of Cleanness , Herbert Dan, (1954) ISBN 0300003978
    • Book 11, The Book Of Torts , Hyman Klein (1954) ISBN 0300006322
    • Book 12, The Book Of Acquisitions , Isaac Klein (1951) ISBN 0300006314
    • Book 13, The Book Of Civil Laws , Jacob J. Rabinowitz (1949) ISBN 0300008457
    • Book 14, The Book Of Judges , Abraham M. Hershman (1949) ISBN 0300005482
  • Excerpted translation by Philip Birnbaum: "Maimonides' Mishneh Torah: Yad Hazakah", Hebrew Pub. Co. 1944. ISBN 0884824373