ミンハーグמִנהָג minhāgh "Custom", Minhag, pl. minhāghīm)とは、容認された伝統(accepted tradition)とか、伝統の集合体(group of traditions)を示すヘブライ語であり、聖書ラビ文学に起源がなく、地域社会で発生したものも多い。

関連するコンセプトにヌッサフ נֻסַּח Nusachノーサフ נֹסַחといったものがあり、これは礼拝の形のこと。




"Nusach", although usually used as above, also has implications as regards "community minhagim" in general; the main segments of traditional Judaism, as differentiated in terms of Nusach (broadly and narrowly) are:

  • Minhag Sefarad: in general refers to the various Sephardi liturgies, but also to obligation/permissibility of Kabbalistic elements within the rite.
  • Minhag Edot hamizrach: is more or less influenced by the Sephardi minhag.
  • Nusach Teiman: Can be subdivided into:
  • Minhag Italiani
  • Nusach Ashkenaz: the general Ashkenazi rite of non-Chasidim. Can be subdivided into:
    • Minhag Ashkenaz
    • Minhag Polin
  • Nusach Sfard or Nusach ARI (Ashkenazi ハシディズム rite, heavily influenced by the teachings of Sephardi Kabbalists)




  • 総体
    • "Sefer HaMinhagim", Rabbis M. Greenglass and Y. Groner, 1966; translation: “The Book of Chabad-Lubavitch Customs”. Sichos In English Pub. 1998. ISBN 0826605559 [1]
    • "The Minhagim: The Customs and Ceremonies of Judaism, Their Origins and Rationale", Rabbi Abraham Chill. Sepher Hermon 1978. ISBN 0872030776
    • "The Biblical and Historical Background of Jewish Customs and Ceremonies", Rabbi Abraham Bloch. Ktav 1978. ISBN 0870683381
    • "Jewish Book of Why", Rabbi Alfred Kolatch. Jonathan David 1995. ISBN 0824603141
    • "To Be a Jew: A Guide to Jewish Observance in Contemporary Life", Rabbi Hayim Donin. Basic Books 1991. ISBN 0465086322
    • "The Complete Book of Jewish Observance", Rabbi Leo Trepp. Behrman House Publishing 1980. ISBN 0671417975